Nutrition Before During and After Cancer

Information on nutritional needs for cancer patients


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Are you eating enough fruits and vegetables each day?

 

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Daily recommendation is of  7 to 10 servings of fruit and vegetables, this sounds like a lot, but a serving size isn’t that large – one medium sized fruit, half cup of berries, three apricots, half cup cooked or raw vegetables, six asparagus spears and one cup of salad greens all count as one serving. You might be eating two servings when you think you’re eating only one.

If you think you are eating less than the daily recommendation of fruit and vegetable, the key is incorporating fruit and/or vegetables into all meals and snacks. Ensure your breakfast includes one or two fruit servings, add at least two vegetable servings to lunch and dinner, and add whole or dried fruit for midday snacks. When you do eat vegetables, increase your portion size to get you closer to 7 to 10 daily servings.

If you find preparing fresh fruit and vegetables time consuming (e.g. washing, peeling, chopping), take advantage of convenient pre-prepared produce in the grocery store. You will find pre-washed salad greens, grated carrot, broccoli florets, chopped celery, chopped garlic, shredded cabbage, even cubed turnip and squash. For fruit, look for fresh fruit salad, peeled and cored fresh pineapple, canned fruit in its own juice and unsweetened applesauce.

Some tips to help you out:

Breakfast:

  • Toss chopped banana into a bowl of whole grain cereal.
  • Blend fresh or frozen berries with low fat milk or soy milk to make a fruit smoothie. Or make a green smoothie with kale or spinach.
  • Add dried cherries, currants, cranberries and blueberries to muffin mixes
  • Drink a small glass (1/2 cup) of citrus juice – the vitamin C enhances iron absorption from whole grains.
  • Fill half of a cantaloupe with low fat cottage cheese.
  • Add diced tomatoes, red pepper and baby spinach to an egg white omelet.

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Lunch:

  • Add sliced tomatoes, cucumbers, grated carrot, and spinach leaves to sandwiches and wraps.
  • Toss leftover grilled vegetables in a green salad.
  • Add shredded cabbage mixed with low fat coleslaw dressing to a sandwich.
  • Have a bowl of vegetable soup with your sandwich.
  • Drink low sodium vegetable or tomato juice with your meal.

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Dinner:

  • Use dark green lettuces such as Romaine in salads (they’ve got more beta-carotene).
  • Add quick cooking greens such as spinach, kale, rapini or Swiss chard to soups.
  • Fortify pasta sauces and casseroles with grated zucchini and carrot.
  • Bake a sweet potato instead of a white potato – you’ll consume more beta-carotene and fiber.
  • Serve strawberries marinated in balsamic vinegar with a sprinkle of sugar for dessert.

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Snacks:

  • Carry fruit with you such as an apple, pear, plums or grapes.
  • Pack single-serve cans of unsweetened fruit or applesauce.
  • Prepare snack-size bags of dried apricots and nuts.
  • Have raw vegetables ready for snacking. Try carrot sticks, cherry tomatoes, bell pepper strips, broccoli florets and mushroom caps with hummus dip.
  • Eat slices of banana, apple, or pear with almond/peanut butter

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Let’s talk Portions…

Portions and Servings: What’s the Difference? 

A portion is the amount of food that you choose to eat for a meal or snack. It can be big or small.

A serving is a measured amount of food or drink, such as one slice of bread or one cup (eight ounces) of milk.

Many foods that come as a single portion actually contain multiple servings. The Nutrition Facts label on packaged foods (on the backs of cans, sides of boxes, etc.)  tells you the number of servings in the container.

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To overcome portion distortion and to downsize your helpings, try these tips:

  • Eat from a plate, not a package, so you know how much you eat.
  • Use smaller dishes, such as a lunch plate for your dinner, so less looks like more on your plate